Tuesday, May 19, 2020
In The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald, dreams, goals, and ambitions have a way of enticing and enchanting the characters. A goal becomes more than a goal; it becomes something into which the characters submerge themselves and by which they define themselves. These dreams then set up impossible expectations which are detached from what can realistically be achieved. Gatsby dreams of love with Daisy, a dream which eventually consumes his life. It seduces him into giving himself up entirely for its attainment. Similarly, Toms ambitions to control every aspect of his life end up consuming him. It might be considered this fundamental tendency of human dreams to seduce the dreamers into dedicating themselves completely to those dreamsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is likely that the Grail doesnt even exist, and it is this which is the point Fitzgerald attempts to make through this allusion: it is an objective certainty that Gatsby cannot win Daisy (who is his Grail) back, but because he has been completely seduced by the prospect of the outcome, he cannot see that truth, deceiving himself into believing that it is possible. As foils for Gatsby and Daisy (and in some respect Tom as well) we are presented with Nick and Jordan. Of Jordan, Nick says that she is Ã¢â¬Å"too wise ever to carry well-forgotten dreams from age to ageÃ¢â¬ (135). In this single quote we have proof that neither of them is susceptible to the seductive nature of dreams: Jordan does not carry on with long-dead memories, and Nick deems her Ã¢â¬Å"wiseÃ¢â¬ because of it. This contrast with the other characters allows their naÃ ¯ve pursuit of impossible dreams to be all the more apparent, especially because Nick is the narrator of the book. It would be quite hard indeed to present a book about the enchanting characteristics of dreams if the narrating voice itself was susceptible to the enchantment; that is, it is always easier to explain from an outside perspective.Show MoreRel atedThe Great Gatsby Essay936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Great Gatsby Essay By- Happy Bhoombla English- 3A Date-9/28/10 The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is a story about a wealthy man named Gatsby. Gatsby lives a luxuriant life in West Egg of New York. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth has an unknown secret because nobody seems to know where his wealth emerged from. Despite of having so much fortune, GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s true American dream has not been achieved. In the great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald develops Gatsby as a failed American dream to show theRead MoreGreat Gatsby Essay702 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMyrtle? Gatsby himself? Give reasons why or why not each character is implicated in the murder.Ã¢â¬ Great Gatsby Essay There are five people that are responsible for Jay GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s death. One of them is directly to blame, since he pulled the trigger. The other three were involved in the murder. The one who pulled the trigger was George Wilson. He was in pain because of the murder of his wife. He loved her, and he was completely insane with grief. Wilson thought that Gatsby was MyrtlesRead More Essay on The Great Gatsby1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEssay on The Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby is a novel about a man who tries to win over a woman he had lost many years ago. Jay Gatsby is the hero in this novel because he stands out amongst the rich. Unlike the rest of the rich people in this novel Gatsby has moral values, and the rest of them can only grasp things of material value. Gatsby spends his whole life trying to hide the fact that he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the others. Gatsby never fits in among them because what he perceives of them is allRead MoreEssay on The Great Gatsby1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn Class Essay To what extent is The Great Gatsby a moral novel. Discuss. The society our nation lives in today has developed morals and principles through the lessons experienced from the past. The Roaring Twenties was a time of change and a chance to pave a path for the person you wanted to become. Morals and principles served as guidelines rather than rules and were merely preached that practiced. Thus, the severity of the immoral actions taking place created opportunities for lessons to beRead MoreEssay The Great Gatsby2606 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby belongs to what Harold Bloom tags the Ã¢â¬Å"tombÃ¢â¬ of literary archetypes, a family of fiction that espouses every facet of the expressive use of language (everything from ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays to DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ prose). As a participant in this tomb, The Great Gatsby has adopted a convenient persona in the world of twentieth century literature as Ã¢â¬Å"the great American novel,Ã¢â¬ a work that embodies the American thematic ideals of the self-made man, the great AmericanRead More Symbolism in The Great Gatsby Essay867 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGatsby Essay Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. For example, a dove is usually used to represent peace. In the novel The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald uses a lot of symbolism to connect the characters with each other or to other objects. FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s use of symbolism helps advance his thematic interest in his novel of The Great Gatsby. In the Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses various colors, objectsRead More Materialism in The Great Gatsby Essay1075 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesduring the 1920s, the setting of F. Scott Fitzgeralds The Great Gatsby. That the majority of Americans believe that wealth and happiness are the same is a result of our market economy that encourages consumption and conditions us to think that we need material possessions to be happy. According to Andrew Bard Schmookler, Wealth and human fulfillment have become equated in the predominant ideology of liberal society, even though the great spiritual teachers of humanity have all taught otherwise.Read More Contrasts in the Great Gatsby Essay760 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTyler Simms Great Gatsby Essay Accelerated English 11 Mrs. Cameron F. Scott Fitzgerald constructed his novel, The Great Gatsby, by sculpting numerous situation and character contrasts together through out the novel to create and deliver a magnificent work of art. Although Fitzgerald contrasted numerous characters and situations through out the novel, there are three that are very pungent; the characters Tom Buchanan and George Wilson and Daisy Buchanan and Myrtle Wilson. Not only wereRead More The Great Gatsby Essay1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald portrays American society in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s after WWI has just ended, a decade of unprecedented economic prosperity. In the book, Fitzgerald critiques the loss of moral values and the degradation of American society, symbolizing it as a Ã¢â¬Å"valley of ashesÃ¢â¬âa fantastic farm where . . . ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smokeÃ¢â¬ (Fitzgerald 23). Through the characters of the book, Fitzgerald exposes the American dream from behind its d azzling veilRead MoreGreat Gatsby Essay971 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmajor part of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s characteristics in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëeasy moneyÃ¢â¬â¢ era because of the great economic boom. During this era, people earned their money by corruption with smuggling alcohol during prohibition. In addition, people earned their money by people unknowingly investing in major stocks. A few people earned their money with hard work; it was mostly made easily for them. Throughout the novel, The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the shallowness and hollowness of the upper class is
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ItÃ¢â¬â¢s chilly, yet clear skied, Monday morning. I awoke early to spend quiet time, in the early morning light, in the hot tub, with God before I write and before meditation. The early moments of the day are somehow much richer in solitude and inspiration comes more clearly than mid and late day moments. A plausible explanation may be: I am rested and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a lack of manmade energy buzzing around me or it could simple be that my mind isnÃ¢â¬â¢t buzzing because itÃ¢â¬â¢s not yet fully awakened. When my mind is buzzing, my entire body follows suite. Perhaps, the racing buzzing mind is part of what separates me from God. The irony of being in my headspace is that the body is always in the present moment, connected to the earth. The breath can serve as reminder; for when I focus my attention on inhaling and exhaling, my thoughts slow down, my mind stops buzzing about and for brief fleeting moments, I am fully in the present. Being fully present is where the mysteries of life dance, my intuition picks up on subtle energy, words and emotions of others float in. When I am present for others, I am transformed as if I am infused with and transferring love, compassion, hope, empathy, and kindness to other. These are the moments that I live for, the random coincidences where God puts another in my path. A path on which I am never sure if I am the teacher or the student and therefore, I become aware of humility that most often likes to hide underneath false notions of bravery, or better yet, itShow MoreRelatedSocial Analysis Of Religion And Gender Socialization1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGender socialization I grew up in an upper middle-class picket-fence family. I have a mom and dad who are still together, and a brother named Justin, who is younger than me by fifteen months. My dad was a stay at home dad until I was eleven, when he decided to go back to school to pursue his calling to go become a school counselor. Growing up, my mom worked 50-60+ hours a week at Chase bank, she was in upper level management, so there were times I did not see her often. I am/was very close to myRead MoreIt s A Crisp, Clear Skies Kind Of Friday Morning Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesItÃ¢â¬â¢s a crisp, clear skies kind of Monday morning. I awoke earlier than usual to spend quiet time, in the early morning light, in the hot tub, with God before I write and before I meditate. The initial moments of the day are somehow much richer in solitude and inspiration comes more succinctly than mid and late day moments. A plausible explanation may be: I am rested, and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a lack of human-made energy buzz ing around me or it could simply be that my mind isnÃ¢â¬â¢t buzzing because itÃ¢â¬â¢s not yet fullyRead MoreIt Was A Slow Night1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesleft me and my little sister home alone for a few hours so they could go out with friends from out of town. After my parents left, Maddie, my little sister, and I parted separate ways one of us upstairs and the other downstairs. I was lying on my bed trying to finish Paper Towns. What felt like three hours later, but in reality was only an hour and a half later, Maddie comes upstairs into her bedroom, slamming the door shut. That s odd. I thought to myself. Being the protective big sister I am, IRead MorePersonal Experience: Struggling with many Different Difficulties1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthings have evolved from culture, technology, even we as people, and my youth. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s youth and generation we struggle with many different difficulties versus on what the generation of kids in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s 70Ã¢â¬â¢s some of the 90Ã¢â¬â¢s faced. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s generation we struggle with a bigger deal of stress, insecurities, acceptance, and most importantly strive for perfection. We are now taught that in todays world that everything we do needs to be perfect, and if we manage to fail one time we will fall. HavingRead MoreThe Best Day Of My Life1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslife. Earlier that day, I handed in a paper titled Passions and Desires. However little did I know, that God was going to reveal incredible things to me and the passions and desires I had written about where going to align with GodÃ¢â¬â¢s kingdom. Thursday, September 15, 2016 was the day I experienced GodÃ¢â¬â¢s kingdom and His shalom here on earth so beautifully and perfectly. The story begins a little earlier than Thursday. Last week, a man by the name of Paul Glader came and told me about New York City andRead MoreGood Scripture1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswicked down to the ground. Psalms 147:6 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.Ã Ephesians 2:10 But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe.Ã 2 Corinthians 4:3-4a For this God is our God for ever and ever: he will be our guide even unto death.Ã Psalms 48:14 Now no chastening for the present seemeth toRead MoreThe Epic Of Gilgamesh And The Story Of Job Are Both Literary1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheir religious beliefs separate them. These two works of literature are similar because they both touch on the idea of immortality, and both touch on this due to the loss both main characters experience.The Epic of Gilgamesh touches on the idea of immortality after Gilgamesh loses his best friend Enkidu. The excerpt From the Epic of Gilgamesh, explains that while Gilgamesh was grieving the loss of Enkidu, he said Ã¢â¬Å"What my brother is now, that shall I be when I am dead.Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"From The Epic Ã¢â¬Å"23; 23-24)Read MoreThe Relational Dialectics Theory And The Genderlect Styles Theory1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthrough our words, actions, facial expressions and body language. All of these forms of communication affect our relationships and vary between men and women. Numerous communication theories have been established regarding relationships and gender, but I will discuss two specific theories, the Relational Dialectics Theory and the Genderlect Styles Theory. One theory is based on the contradictions and int eractions, which takes place in relationships. The other theory is based on the gender communicationRead MoreThe Parable Of The Houseowner ( Mt 13 : 51-53 ) Essay1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinauguration of the kingdom and the its consummation, the sons of God and sons of the devil will live together in this world, and in the consummation stage, the angle will separate the good and the evil for salvation and punishment respectively. Mustard seed (Sec. 64e): Although the start-up band of the kingdom is small, it has a destined great growth, for its intrinsic power of life. Leaven (Sec. 64f): The transmission of the rule of God is quiet and effective, beginning with a small group, and endingRead MoreThe Holocaust and Night Essay1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgenerations the memory of what happened, so that it will never happen again. Night did not analyze the whole aspect of the Holocaust, but instead it focused on the experiences of a single victim, Eliezer. Weisel is not a character in the story; instead a boy named Eliezer who represents Weisel narrates the story. By doing so, Weisel was able to distance himself from the actual experience and look in on the story from the outside. Night revolves around Eliezers emotional journey from a Orthodox Jewish
Don Quixote Chivalry Essay Chivalry, the order of knighthood, and especially, the code of knightlybehavior, comes from many origins. In Middle English, the word chevalriemeant mounted horseman. In Old french, the word chevalrie meantknightliness or chevalier meaning knight. (Microft, Encarta) Almost allorigins of the word meant horseman. Warfare was not an option in the medieval period and the knight was themost crutial part. The knights ability, and the military strength of the lordor king were nessesary for their survival. A knight was loyal to his king eventhough he was not always a member of his personal court. He was also loyal tohis lord or landowner. Most of all, he was loyal to God, as all Christianknights were. A Christian knight had virtues of fidelity, piety, loyalty anddevotion to God. However, some knights did not live this ideal lifestyle. (Duby)A young boy in training to be a knight spent the first few years of hislife in care of the women in his family. At the age of 7 years old, a child ofnoble birth would be placed in the castle of a lord or govenor. This is wherethe training for knighthood began. As a page, the boy would be tutored inLatin and French, but he devoted most of his time to physical exersice, andduties. A page was educated in wrestling, tilting with spears, and militaryexercises that were done on horseback. He was also taught dancing and playingof musical instruments in their leisure time. As a page, a boy was taught howto carve and serve food as a waiter, and other services around the castle. Itwas his duty to help the master of the castle in anyway needed. These taskswere not hard labor, but simply prepared him for what was yet to come. (Microsoft Bookshelf)By the time a page was 14, he was expected to qualify as a competentsquire. Now with the more laborious course, his real training began. He mustvault on his horse in armor, run and scale walls, and spring over ditches inarmor. He must be able to maneuver a battle-ax without raising the visor of hishelmet or taking a breathe. He must have mastered horsemanship. A squire musthave acquired courtesy and have chosen a mistress of his heart. A lady of thecourt whose service to her was the glory and occupation of a knight. Her smilesof gratitude were his repayment for his work. A squire, having received serioustraining as a mounted soldier, rode into battle and helped his master in manyways. In battle a squire wore silver spurs to distinguish him from a knight. In this way, he was a lesser target than a knight. He also helped his assignedknight dress in armor and care for his arms. He would clean and polish hisknight armor after every use. This period usually lasted about five or sixyears, then a squire was ready for knighthood, around age twenty. The earliest knighting ceremonies were very simple. A knight justbuckled the armor on the squire to be knighted. However, it became a morecomplex ceremony as time went on. One man would buckle the sword while anotherfastened the spurs. The squire knelt before the man knighting him. The knightgave the squire a tap on the back of the neck with his hand. Another knight, orKing would confirm these actions in the ceremony. This tap, called theaccolade from the French word col, meaning neck, was followed by the words,I dub you knight. (Gies) When Christianity became more closely linked withknighthood, religious ceremonies became part of the knighting process. Before asquire was knighted he confessed with many nights of prayer. The night beforeknighting, a squire underwent a strict fast and received the sacrament. Thenext day he washed and put on pure white clothing for the ceremony with a swordsuspended from his neck. At dawn, the chaplain came to hear confession andcelebrate mass. Then gi fts such as a coat of mail, a sword or spurs weregirdled on. Then came the accolade. It consisted of three strokes with theflat of the sword on the shoulder and neck followed by, in the name of God, ofSt. Michael, of St. George, I make thee knight; be valiant, courteous, andloyal. When this exercise was complete, he received his helmet, spear, andshield. After the knighting was accomplished, the newly made knight placed hisgifts on the altar and took part in the festivities. He now would be acceptedas a member of the order of knighthood and chivalry. Category: English
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Why You Should Join the Military What makes the military a unique place? Is it because of the discipline that they instill in their men? Is it because of the power that goes with the ranks? Why is it even essential that one should join the military? Perhaps it is the values that the military instill in men that can motivate one to join itvalues such as respect, obedience and discipline are virtues one can easily learn when one is in the military. Need essay sample on "Why You Should Join the Military" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Obedience is related to responsibility because response-ability says psychologist Frederick Perls, is a misused word. It means the ability to respond: the ability to be alive, to feel, to be sensitive. It doesnt mean obligation. It doesnt mean duty. One way or another, it is something one has been directed to do without asking why. If the military lives with obedience and respect to authority, what they would radiate has the capacity to influence others greatly. Their power will not vary. It will not fluctuate. It is not diluted. Their officers need not make these excuses for them just to cover up their disobedience. (Values in the Army). This is what Roger Dawson refers to as Reverent Power, having a consistent set of standards and not deviating from them. Dawson suggests that this type of power is the most powerful influencing factor of all. The longer you project that you have a consistent set of standards from which youll never deviate, the more people learn to trust you. From th at trust grows a tremendous ability to influence people. Of course, the main point here is that the reason for the consistency is not a desire to have greater negotiating strength. The consistency comes from the commitment to principle (Perls. Frederick 1951). Undergraduates Frequently Tell EssayLab support:How much do I have to pay someone to write my assignment online?Essay writers advise: Buy Essay Papers And Live Free From TroublesCustom Essay Writing Service Buy Written Essays Best Writing Services Essay Company Review There are seven values that soldiers need to strive to emulate in their daily lives. These values form the foundation of personal behavior that defines the person as well as the expectations soldiers have of one another. These values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage. From the Basic Combat Training where the army men learned the different values, the value of Respect is defined as, Treat people as they should be treated. In the Soldiers Code, we pledge to treat others with dignity and respect while expecting others to do the same. Respect is what allows us to appreciate the best in other people. Respect is trusting that all people have done their jobs and fulfilled their duty. And self-respect is a vital ingredient with the Army value of respect, which results from knowing you have put forth your best effort. The Army is one team and each of us has something to contribute. In the military set-up, the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the bedrock of military law. The UCMJ is a federal law enacted by Congress. It contains guidelines on codes of conduct for army men and other people in the military. Some articles establish policy, assign responsibilities and prescribe procedures. In the same manner, it also contains punitive articles such as elements of the offense, an explanation, lesser included offenses, maximum permissible punishments and sample specifications (Values in the Army). Discussing about the importance of respect in the military reminds me of one great soldier--Alexander the Great, the most celebrated conqueror of the ancient world, who was born in 356 B.C., in Pella, the capital of Macedonia. Alexander was only twenty years old when his father King Philip Macedon died. But he succeeded to the throne without difficulty. Philip had carefully prepared his son to succeed him, and the young Alexander already had considerable military experience. During his invasion of the Persian empire in 334 B.C. he had to leave part of his army at home to maintain control of his European possessions. Alexander had only 35,000 troops with him when he set out on his audacious quest a very small force compared with the Persian armies. Inspite of the numerical disadvantages, Alexander won a series of crushing victories over the Persian forces. Examining his manner of leading his troop and eliciting obedience, I surmise that there were three main reasons for his success. In the first place, the army which Philip had left him was better trained and organized than the Persian forces. In the second place, Alexander was a general of outstanding genius, perhaps the greatest of all time. The third factor was Alexanders own personal courage and demeanor worthy of respect and true obedience. I discovered that although he would direct the early stages of each battle from behind the lines, Alexanders policy was to lead the decisive cavalry charge himself during the peak of battle. This was a risky procedure, and he was frequently wounded. But his troops saw that Alexander was sharing their danger, and was not asking them to take any risks that he himself would not take. The effect on their morale was enormous. Such is the stuff of real responsibility and commitment. Such is the stuff that earns one the respect and obedience that nobody can buy. Indeed, the values and discipline in the military that goes a long way even in ones personal life are enough motivation for individuals who are qualified to join the military. WORKS CITED Perls. Frederick, S. Growth in the Human Personality New York: Julian Press, 1951 Punitive Articles of UCMJ. Article 89 Disrespect Toward a Superior Commissioned Officer Retrieved Feb. 10, 2007 at:https://www.thebalance.com/punitive-articles-of-the-ucmj-3356855 Values in the Army.
Monday, March 16, 2020
Alcoholism in The Absolute True Diary of a Part Time Indian Essays Alcoholism in The Absolute True Diary of a Part Time Indian Essay Alcoholism in The Absolute True Diary of a Part Time Indian Essay Alcohol In the book The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie, Alexie writes about how alcohol was part of his life and how it affected the people he loves. JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s dad is a drunks, JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s mom is an ex drunk; they drink so they can forget about the problems they have. JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s dad goes to bars and spends the little money they have on booze. JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend Rowdy always gets beat up by his dad because he is a drunk; he also beats his wife, and they walk around with bruises on their face, and no one does nothing about it. JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s grandma dies after getting hit by a drunk driver while walking on the side of the road on her way home from a powwow. Then Eugene gets shot in the parking lot of 7-11 in a drunken argument over the last drink from a bottle of booze. JuniorÃ¢â¬â¢s sister Mary and her new husband die of a fire in their trailer after a partygoer started to make some soup and then forgot and left. They were too drunk to notice even there was a fire and they both died. There are many consequences to drinking, since it can affect your life and your loved ones lives. Alcohol can be very devastating because it can make you an aggressive person. Alexie tells us about his friend Rowdy and how Rowdy and his mother were always unhappy because of one person: his father. He was a violent alcoholic who regularly hurt his wife and son. Ã¢â¬Å"His father is drinking hard and throwing hard punches, so Rowdy and his mother are always walking around with bruised and bloody facesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"my mother and father are drunks, tooÃ¢â¬ (16).Alcoholism is a great issue in the spoken reservation RowdyÃ¢â¬â¢s father is violent and hits his wife and son but juniors parents are just drunks they are not mean like RowdyÃ¢â¬â¢s father. alcohol can be a way to escape from your life but if you drink too much you can hurt the people you love the most just like RowdyÃ¢â¬â¢s dad. The way that RowdyÃ¢â¬â¢s dad treats his wife and son is unacce
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Beliefs of Malcolm X Cheyanne Ratliff 1. When Malcolm X believes when he receives an Ã¢â¬Å"XÃ¢â¬ is that it is an ex form of himself. He elaborated by saying that it is supposed to Ã¢â¬Å"[replace] the white slave master name of Ã¢â¬Å"littleÃ¢â¬ which some blue-eyed devil named Little had imposed on my paternal forebears,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 229). His statement is correct because many of the African Americans in America were brought over from Africa by Europeans. This means that it was not the identity of his oppressor, but of the black man himself. Although they used this excuse, there was a bit of a social privilege to not being truly African. On page 4, Malcolm X states that Ã¢â¬Å"[m]ost Negro parents in those days would almost instinctively treat any lighter children better than they did the darker ones. It came directly from the slavery tradition that the Ã¢â¬Å"mulatto,Ã¢â¬ because he was visibly nearer to white, was therefore Ã¢â¬Å"betterÃ¢â¬ ,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 4-5). What this suggests is t he impact the white slave owners have had on the ancestors of blacks and how they have been raised to think like that. It means that those who are lighter tend to have a higher social privilege because of how slave owners implied that if you were lighter, you were whiter. 2. Malcolm describes how the black people are tired of the treatment of colored men and women by the police, also known as police brutality. In MX, he states that Ã¢â¬Å"[i]t is a miracle that 22 million black people have not risen up against their oppressors-in which they would have been justified by all moral criteria, and even by the democratic tradition,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 251). This states that Malcolm is surprised about how the black Americans have not risen up yet against their oppressors the police. Although it seems as if the police have been nothing but brutal towards black Americans, that does not always seem to be the case. In the chapter Ã¢â¬Å"Black MuslimsÃ¢â¬ , Malcolm states that Ã¢â¬Å"[l]aw agencies once had scoffed at our nation as Ã¢â¬Å"black crackpotsÃ¢â¬ ; now they took special pains to safeguard against some Ã¢â¬Å"white crackpotsÃ¢â¬ causing any Ã¢â¬Å"incidentsÃ¢â¬ or accidents,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 252). This supports the rebuttal because it shows how although the police always seemed more hostile and aggressive towards the black people of that time, they eventually managed to see that black people needed protection too, just as the white man needed. 3. What Malcolm X is doing is he is finding the differences between segregation and separation. On page 250 of MX, he describes segregation as Ã¢â¬Å"when your life and liberty are controlled, regulated, by someone else,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 251) and separation as Ã¢â¬Å"that which is done voluntarily, by two equals- for the good of both,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 251). The difference that Malcolm X is pointing out is that with segregation, you are regulated by somebody else, compared to separation, which is when you are regulated by yourself. This conveys the wishes that many black Americans have because many of them wish to not be controlled by the white man. Although they were segregated, they still had control over their own lives. Theoretically, they let the white man back them into a corner, which then calls for them to attack and lash back in order to protect themselves and/or their community. In the book Ã¢â¬Å"Things Fall ApartÃ¢â¬ , Okonkwo let the white Christian missionaries back him into a corner, which then caused him to lash out and kill himself in order to protect himself and his community. Theoretically, if they had refused the push of the white man towards that corner, they could have easily been on a faster track to equality. 4. This statement is valid because it shows how the black Americans have never been free to actually act for themselves in the sense of controlling their own communities. Similar to the last question, they have been backed into a corner. He states that separation is when Ã¢â¬ Å"Ã¢â¬ that which is done voluntarily, by two equals- for the good of both,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 251). Because the blacks are not able to completely separate from the white people, they cannot reach their full potential and power. This relates to when a dog is abused by its Ã¢â¬Å"ownerÃ¢â¬ , then they can never really function by their own means. 5. Malcom X is describing how the black hustler in the Ã¢â¬Å"ghetto junglesÃ¢â¬ has to survive. By saying the ghetto hustler is the Ã¢â¬Å"most dangerous black man in AmericaÃ¢â¬ (MX, 318), he is talking from experience AND what he has observed. On page 173, Malcolm X describes his observations as scary because Ã¢â¬Å"it had taught [him] in a very few minutes to have a whole lot of respect for the human combustion that is packed among the hustlers and their young admirers who live in the ghettoes where the Northern white man has sealed-off the Negro-away from whites-for a hundred years,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 318-319). What quotation suggests is that these young people who admire the hustlers, those who are considered the Ã¢â¬Å"most dangerous black [men] in AmericaÃ¢â¬ (MX, 318) are considered that because they have the most influence upon the youth, which is the next generation. This means that because the black hustlers depend on the youth, this is how they survive and keep that Ã¢â¬Å"black hustler legacyÃ¢â¬ going. Although this may suggest that this is where all of their power comes from in order to survive, it is not. Earlier in the book, Malcom X describes his own accord of how it works; Ã¢â¬ I was a true hustler-uneducated, unskilled at anything honorable, and I considered myself nervy and cunning enough to live by my own wits, exploiting any prey that presented itself,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 111). This quote from himself suggests that he lived by his own wits because he thought he was all that, and he became very popular among the ranks. What this quote makes people realize is that power comes from within, and that when you create an image of yourself, that power inside of you is what causes that image to come true. 6. What Malcolm X is differentiating between is the stereotype of how a white man acts like, and what a black man acts like. What this suggests is that black people, in order to be accepted, they depend upon the stereotype of the white man and decide to try and follow that to be accepted. An example of this is when Malcolm X states that Ã¢â¬Å"[t]he only difference was that the ones in Boston had been brainwashed even more thoroughly. They prided themselves on being incomparably more Ã¢â¬Å"cultured,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"cultivated,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"dignified,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"and better off than their black brethren down in the ghetto, which was no further away than you could throw a rock. Under pitiful misapprehension that it would make then Ã¢â¬Å"better,Ã¢â¬ these Hill Negroes were breaking their backs trying to imitate white people,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 42). This suggests that black people wil l try to imitate white people in order to seem more appealing to them. The quotation describes how societal pressures were even more severe than they are today. Before coming to a conclusion though, we must consider how the white man did not always intentionally discriminate. On page 174 of MX, he describes the cause of the black manÃ¢â¬â¢s condition was because of the Ã¢â¬Å"white manÃ¢â¬â¢s society [being] responsible for the black manÃ¢â¬â¢s condition in this wilderness of North America.Ã¢â¬ This quotation says that although there is social pressures from the white man, his society implements even more social pressures than the white man does himself. It suggests that the black community itself is more socially pressuring than the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s community is at times. A connection to this is from the book The Pearl by John Steinbeck, when the richer society who lived inside the gate had societal pressures pushed upon those who live outside the wall, those who lived outside of the wall developed even stronger, negative societal pressure that basically said Ã¢â¬Ëif you donÃ¢â¬â¢t live inside the wall youÃ¢â¬â¢re unsuccessfulÃ¢â¬â¢. This eventually pushed Kino to go crazy, just because he wanted money to get into the inside of the wall. Those snooty black brethren who stuck their noses up at their brothers and sisters in the ghettoes were like Kino, and they drove themselves crazy trying to fit into an ideal placed in their heads by themselves and those around them. 7. To begin with, Hajj means pilgrimage. In order for Malcolm X and all separationists (in MXÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes) to achieve their goal, they must remain united. In the book, Malcolm X says that Ã¢â¬Å"for the black man in America the only solution is complete separation from the white man,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 250) and that Ã¢â¬Å"Islam is the hope for justice and equality in the world we must build tomorrow,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 241). Malcolm X here basically says that we must separate from the white men and all join Islam in order to complete their destined pilgrimage. Although this seems like the perfect solution, this is far from it. This was similar to when Hitler believed that there was only one pure race and that they should all be Ã¢â¬Å"separatedÃ¢â¬ to be perfect, just as Malcolm X believed that there was only one way that black people could be perfect, and that was separated under the state of Islam. This is a Ã¢â¬Å"one right wayÃ¢â¬ mindset that could potentially be dangerous if it is not handled properly. 8. America is seem as a major place full of discrimination in all parts of the world. To support this, Malcolm X states that they called them Ã¢â¬Å"[h]ate teachersÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"violence seekersÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ black racistsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"black fascistsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"anti-ChristianÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"possibly communist inspiredÃ¢â¬ ,Ã¢â¬ (MX, 243). This all started because of a few racist whites had collected footage and lied about the intention s of Malcolm X and Mr. Muhammad. This is a prime example of how the Americans perceived them beause they were not only black, but also Muslim. Although this produced hate and more discrimination, it made black Muslims stronger and more powerful. This is similar to how people saw the Baton Rouge bus boycott of 1953 as a bad thing, but really it made those boycotting even stronger and more powerful. It did that because it eventually made people realize Ã¢â¬Å"hey maybe this is wrong.Ã¢â¬ Although this is not the case in MX, the amount of attention is similar to the amount pf attention that the bus boycott got in 1953. 9. When Malcolm X suggests when he says Ã¢â¬Å"thinking internallyÃ¢â¬ is that the American power structure does not want them to realize how powerful they could be. Malcolm X describes this behavior as selfish when he says Ã¢â¬Å"he loves himself so much that he is startled if he discovers that his victims donÃ¢â¬â¢t share his vainglorious self-opinion,Ã¢â¬ (MX 243). What this means is that if the white man pressures black people into believing one thing about themselves, and the black people do not agree, then the white man would lash out, almost like an angry toddler. A connection to this is similar to when Donald Trump tries to convince people of one thing, and when they donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe it, he turns into a Ã¢â¬ËcrybabyÃ¢â¬â¢. But, this is not always the case. On page 318, MX describes the ghettoes, and how the people within them are preconditioned to think that they must Ã¢â¬Å"fight to surviveÃ¢â¬ . What this suggests is that the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s tactics had been successful and basically Ã¢â¬Å"corneredÃ¢â¬ them into believing this is where they belong. This is a similar example to when you keep telling a dog that it is a bad dog. It is eventually going to believe that and not try to change that mindset. 10. When Malcolm X writes that Ã¢â¬Å"the seeds of racism are so deeply rooted many whites are even unaware of their own racismÃ¢â¬ ( MX, 369-370) , he is basically saying that the hate of blacks has been passed on for so long, it has practically become tradition. And with tradition, there is always a wish for change, so blacks were always pushed to become lighter or to act more Ã¢â¬ËwhiteÃ¢â¬â¢. In The Autobiography of Malcolm X , Malcolm X says Ã¢â¬Å"I remember that I thought that it looked as if my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s strong black face had been dusted with flour, and I wished they hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t put on such a lot of itÃ¢â¬ (MX, 11). What MX is saying by this is that he wished that they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have tried to have his father look lighter because it strayed the thought of his strong, deep ebony father he had etched into his mind. This could be related to how when certain family members die, their kids do not want certain things done to those family members because it takes away from the thought of them they already have in their heads. But, sometimes the families will go again st embracing their loved ones wishes. For example, on page 8 of The Autobiography of Malcolm X, MX talks about how his ) mom would make him go outside to Ã¢â¬Å"[l]et the sun shine on [him] so [he] can get some color.Ã¢â¬ (MX, 8). What this suggests is that even though MX was okay with his skin color and the lightness/darkness of it, his mother still pressured him to get MORE color because that was her tradition, or hoe she was raised. This is similar to how President Obama had to think about his traditions and values before he made any decisions, like all presidents have done/ will do. 11. MX is basically suggesting that this mass genocide had welcomed them into the system, and now they needed to be accepted. The best way to be accepted though, in MXÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, was to revolt. On page 375 he praises the revolt saying that Ã¢â¬Å"the negroes so-called Ã¢â¬Å"revoltÃ¢â¬ is merely an asking to be accepted into the existing system!Ã¢â¬ (MX, 375). This suggests that the bl ack people believe that they have to fight their way to earn recognition and respect within the system, like they grew up believing. This is similar to how many of the young hustlers grew up seeing pimps and hustlers fighting in the streets to survive, learning from them how they need to fight to survive like that too. But, even though they needed to fight to get into the system, there were many placed throughout the U.S that had accepted the black people into their systems. This proved good, but few people saw it. 12. MX is basically calling to arms for the black people to Ã¢â¬Å"take no shitÃ¢â¬ . He believes, through the massive rallies that Ã¢â¬Å"were [an] astounding successÃ¢â¬ he had helped raise awareness, and now they needed to do whatever possible to keep that awareness up and continue with pursuing equal rights. Even though there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t really a rebuttal for this, I feel as if MX had to convince himself of that too, considering when the press came at him afte r the film Ã¢â¬Å"The Hate That Hate ProducedÃ¢â¬ aired, he had to consult Mr. Muhammad on what to do because he hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t stayed confident enough in himself OR his followers to believe that they were strong enough to keep earning those rights. This is similar to when he believed that things would not get better for him in jail, so he had to depend on his God for help and guidance. 13. What Malcom X is saying is that the white man has preconditioned the black man for a life of crime and discrimination! To support this, he states on page 248 that many black men were converted to the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s way of thinking because of money or promises of a better life, so they became Ã¢â¬Å"black bodies with white headsÃ¢â¬ (MX 248). This means that they would give up anything for a better life, because they knew that the one that they were living at that moment wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬â¢ve gotten them anywhere in life, so they became one with the enemy. Although this was the case , many black people had switched sides due to all of the negativity towards MX and Elijah Muhammad and their teachings due to Ã¢â¬Å"The Hate That Hate ProducedÃ¢â¬ . This is similar to when you are in a car crash and hurt your neck, so if you try to move it or anything, you will just hurt it more because of the problems that are already there. Reflection 1. The most novel claim was that traditions could be pressured onto other people who werenÃ¢â¬â¢t associated with those people to begin with. It was novel because it was true, otherwise racism and discrimination would not have occurred. 2. page 243 and 251 (Questions 9+2) 3. DanyaÃ¢â¬â¢s explaination of how the blacks were preconditioned to live and think a certain way, and LizÃ¢â¬â¢s which piggybacked upon that. 4. This is similar to when you are in a car crash and hurt your neck, so if you try to move it or anything, you will just hurt it more because of the problems that are already there. 5. Question two bec ause it provided a lot of discussion. 6. Question twelve because I went so in depth with it because it interested me.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Critically evalute the legacy of the Chicago School of Criminology - Essay Example Before the dominant theories in Criminology emerged, the leading theories were classical criminology and positivist theories of crime. The emergence of classical school of criminology can be traced in the early 18th century lead by philosopher Jeremy Bentham who focused on criminal justice and penology. He opined that crime results from a product of human nature and since humans posses free will, they have therefore the ability to control their own actions (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee, Plummer, and South, 2004). Bentham suggested that a criminal justice system is more reasonable as compared to the classic barbaric system of capital punishment. According to him, there should be more focus on the enforcement of the law and the legal processes instead on the different causes of crime (Bentham, 1789). For Beccaria (1764), in his famous book On Crimes and Punishments , crimes do not exist by reason of bad individuals but from bad laws. He suggested new perspective based on justice. This became major foundation of the modern criminal justice system. As asserted by the early positivist theorists, free will is out of the question in studying crime. These theorists used empirical research methods by which they theorized that the causes of crimes are biological, psychological and environmental factors (Carrabine et al, 2004). This is different from the classical approach which has its sight on legal issues and crime prevention. According to the positivist criminologists, as shared by Cesare Lombroso, the causes and effects of criminal behavior can be directly observed. Lombroso opposed that crimes are due to human free will as criminal behavior can be inherited; that there are people who are Ã¢â¬Å"criminal typeÃ¢â¬ of persons; that criminals are physiologically different if compared to the non-criminals; that these criminals have observable physical